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Alternative Tomorrows Where Deterritorialization and Reterritorialization Meet IV
4:00pm - 5:30pm
Session Chair: Daniel Swain
Alternative Tomorrows Where Deterritorialization and Reterritorialization Meet
4:00pm - 4:30pm
Philosophical probabilism and the infinitude of useless hypotheses
Elizabeth de Freitas
Adelphi University, United States of America
According to Deleuze (1981), probabilistic reasoning occurs within the imagination (bound by its limits and enabled by its capacities), and hence the most telling sentence in Hume’s Treatise on empiricism is “Tis not contrary to Reason to prefer the destruction of the whole world to the scratching of my finger.” (Deleuze, 1981, p. 33). Deleuze reads Hume as exploring a non/philosophical probabilism that entails a speculative stretch - decisions seem to affirm some degree of belief in the chance of something occurring, but the imagination affirms all of chance. Bell (2015) suggests that Deleuze’s approach to Hume’s rules for action be considered a kind of “infinite pragmatism”, in that passive syntheses involve plugging into an actual infinite indeterminism. In this paper, I discuss Deleuze’s notion of qualitative probabilism, and consider the possibility of a speculative heart to probability, an abductive principle that plugs into the incomputable, and thereby undermines the fantasy of ultimate computational and informational control. In related fashion, Parisi (2017) argues that algorithmic intelligibility should be addressed in terms of hypothesis generation, abduction, and the speculative power of reason. Following Zalamea’s (2012) claim that abduction must engage with a realm populated by an “infinitude of useless hypotheses” (p.102), I explore the ways in which this approach to an explanatory continuum might be relevant to the error landscape of contemporary AI deep learning, where the algorithm traipses over hills and troughs, seeking absolute error-minimums. This new landscape of algorithmic error might even capture the delirium interior to thought, and shed light on Deleuze’s relation to pragmatism (Roffe, 2015).
4:30pm - 5:00pm
The Territorial Fold of Myth as Revolutionary Locus
Cecilia Rose Inkol
York University, Canada
Deleuze tells us that there exists a gap between signifier and signified: this is the locus of sense-formation, and wherein lies the possibility of revolution. Sense is a realm of meaning that has to be actively constructed from a surface of nonsense, and the way we contrive sense gives rise to certain possibilities of life-engagement. The application of sense to life is always the development of a mythos. But the kinds of mythos that are active in the modern political imaginary is delimited by the stultification of meaning at work in ideology. In ideology, we are led to believe that meaning is homogenous, restricted and instituted in stone: that this is the only way life is or could be. However, beyond the materialist and ideological apparatus of modernity lies hidden folds of meaning that can be activated and unfurled through the regeneration of the mythic sensibility. My claim is that myth is a way that the territory of physical life, the social imaginary and conceptual meaning are woven into a coherent stream. As the philosophical procedure of concept-creation is an event, and intimated through conceptual personae, I want to evince the way that mythology is unfurled through mythological personae that are imbued with the possibility to generate novel territories of meaning and generation of sense that propel the event, give rise to new identities-in-flux, transformational possibilities, and a vision of a liberatory world-to-come.
5:00pm - 5:30pm
UNDERGROUND BECOMING! Fungus, trees, mycorrhizas and new ways of antifascist struggle in Latin America
Rafael Moraes Limongelli1, Alexandre Filordi de Carvalho2
1Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Campinas University), Brazil; 2Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Brazil
Latin America has experienced a paroxysm of neoliberal interventions that, in Deleuze and Guattari's thinking, position themselves in the root-tree pair as a representation of the One and its divisions in a binary system. On the other hand, the rhizome, as a functioning of thought, positions itself as an abortion of unity and an exercise of multiplicity. This essay seeks to update the concept of rhizome as a practice of nomadism against the capitalistic war machine taking the lights of contemporary advances in the field of micro-botany. Peter Wohlleben, Suzanne Simad and Natasha Myers have been conducting researches that operates large displacements in the understanding of forest systems. They point to the existence of an underground interspecies communication network, with more and less flexible nodal points, which occurs in the roots of the trees when they are associated with the fungal mycorrhiza. The root membranes in contact with mycorrhiza become permeable to the flow of various nutrients, which inform, nourish, alert, etc., producing themselves an underground network of mutual support without perennial centralities. Upon the same perspective, the social struggles the traditional apparatuses of trade unions and political parties operate in the root-tree pair and played an important role in combating state fascism. However, as Deleuze and Guattari point out, there is another fascism in the molecular field, swarming in the fabric of social assemblage. The question is how the assemblage of mycorrhizae can potentiate new forms of resistance and political activism in Latin America and point out clues to this underground combat against the contemporary fascism.