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Chair der Sitzung: Friederike Redlbacher, Universität Hamburg, AB Organisation & Unternehmensführung
Ort:Virtueller Raum 2
Placing the displaced: The valuation of forced migrants on the labor market
Bernadette Bullinger1, Anna Schneider2, Jean-Pascal Gond3
1IE University Madrid, Spanien; 2Universität Innsbruck; 3City University of London
This paper addresses the question how organizations, which organize placement for refugees and migrants or provide information about employment opportunities, engage in the multimodal valuation – i.e. the construction of value through the use of verbal text and of visuals, such as photos, symbols etc. – of forced migrants on host countries’ labor markets. Value is not inherent in candidates but a result of market actors engaging in practices of valuation that define the characteristics of job seekers as well as the benefits that hiring them might entail for the employer. Labor market intermediaries as influential valuators use, on their websites and in brochures, messages that combine visual and verbal text when addressing forced migrants, employers and the public. Focusing on this powerful means of valuation, we study the valuation practices of online matchmakers, information providers and temporary work agencies, which aim at forced migrants’ labor market integration. We develop a multimodal analysis technique that allows us to complement in-depth social semiotic analysis of visual and accompanying verbal text – to capture content, style and composition of messages – with a value-based analysis of the presented situation, the storyline and test for determining worth. We identify three distinct valuation practices in the context of the labor market integration of discriminated groups and enhance knowledge on visualization as valuation practice.
Organizational Agility – A Structured Review of the Literature
Sylvia Gaiser1, Christian A. Mahringer1, Martin Rost1, Steffen Wütz2, Birgit Renzl1
1University of Stuttgart; 2Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG
Diskutant: Kurt Rachlitz (ISF München)
Even though organizational agility is a phenomenon of extensive managerial interest, there seems to be widespread confusion about what organizational agility actually is. This confusion concerns managerial practice as well as research. This paper addresses this issue by asking and answering the question “what is organizational agility?”. We have conducted a structured review of the literature on organizational agility and analyzed this body of literature to identify the dimensions of the organizational agility concept. The findings show that organizational agility can be decomposed in a sensing and transforming dimension. Transforming can further be decomposed into proactive and reactive transforming. Customer orientation, temporality and scope further specify sensing and transforming dimensions. Based on these findings we define organizational agility as a continuous process of sensing, proactive as well as reactive transforming, given appropriate timing, scope and customer orientation. Contributions to managerial practice as well as research are discussed.
Organizing nimbus for collaborative creativity: A comparison of physical and virtual songwriting spaces
Tobias Theel1, Elke Schuessler2, Benjamin Schiemer2
1Freie Universität Berlin; 2Johannes Kepler Universität
This paper addresses the question of which practices of organizing collaborative spaces can enable and foster serendipitous interactions. It is based on a comparative analysis of two ethnographies in temporary spaces designed for creative collaboration in the music industry. One is a place-based songwriting camp of professional popular music songwriters, and the other an online platform for collaborative songwriting, the February Album Writing Month (FAWM). The paper makes two contribution.: First, it shifts attention away from a focus on spatial properties and physical proximity towards the micro-practices of how a sense of mutual awareness is created through practices of social organizing within different spatial settings. Second, it provides a conceptual bridge between studies of physical spaces for creative collaboration and virtual ones. Instead of seeing the virtual and the physical realm as highly distinct settings for creative collaboration, this paper argues that the proximity-distance dichotomy can be overcome through the notion of ‘organizing nimbus’, which matters in both settings.